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What is the News?
The United States and 60 other partner countries signed a political declaration called the “Declaration for the Future of the Internet”.
India, China and Russia are among the nations that have not signed this declaration.
What is the Declaration for the Future of the Internet?
-To champion a single interconnected communications system for all of humanity amid surging state-sponsored or condoned malicious behaviour.
-To advance a positive vision for the Internet and digital technologies.
Principles of the Declaration
– Commitments to protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms of all people,
– Promote a global Internet that advances the free flow of information,
– Advancing “inclusive and affordable” connectivity,
– Promote trust in the global digital ecosystem including through the protection of privacy and
– Protecting and strengthening the multistakeholder approach to governance that keeps the Internet running for the benefit of all.
Are these Principles legally binding?
These principles are not legally binding but should rather be used as a reference for public policymakers as well as citizens, businesses and civil society organizations.
Significance of this declaration
There has been a recent rise in the repression of Internet freedoms by some authoritarian governments, the use of digital tools to violate human rights, the growing impact of cyberattacks, the spread of illegal content and disinformation and the excessive concentration of economic power.
In the backdrop of this, this declaration was needed to have free and open internet.
Source: The post is based on the article “India stays out of Global Declaration on Future of Internet” published in The Hindu on 29th April 2022.