India supports resolution in favour of negotiated solution to the issue of Jerusalem


  • Palestine appreciates India and India’s vote in favour of a negotiated solution to the issue of Jerusalem and against U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition of the holy city as the capital of Israel.

Why is it in news?

  • US. President Donald Trump decides to unilaterally recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
  • He also promised to relocate the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

What is the resolution passed against the US’s decision?

  • A resolution has been passed in the United Nations General Assembly which calls upon the United States to withdraw its decision to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
  • It was approved by 128 votes – two-thirds of the 193-member UNGA.
  • While 35 countries abstained and only nine countries voted against the resolution.

What is the debate?

  • Israel claims all of Jerusalem as its capital.
  • The Palestinians claim the city’s eastern sector, captured by Israel in the 1967 Mideast war, as the capital of a future independent state.
  • These rival claims lie at the heart of the decades-long Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Who lives in Jerusalem?

  • Roughly 850,000 people live in Jerusalem which is 37% are Arab and 61% are Jewish and another 1% is Arab Christians.
  • The vast majority of the Palestinian population lives in East Jerusalem.
  • Although there are some mixed neighbourhoods in Jerusalem where both Israelis and Arabs live, most of the neighbourhoods are split.

What is India’s take on the Issue?

  • India voted for in favour of a negotiated solution to the issue and against U.S. President Donald Trump’s recognition.
  • India has also conveyed to the world that it stands for peace in West Asia.

Debate over India’s decision:

In support of Israel:

  • India voted against its national interest, because Palestine has never supported India on Kashmir question.
  • West Jerusalem belongs to Israel, so there was nothing wrong with the US’s decision.
  • Moreover, India and Israel appeared to have struck up a noteworthy friendship on the former’s visit to Israel in July.
  • With Israel, India shares a common bond that goes into ancient history.
  • Israel is also a part of the three-way relationship with the US.

In support of Palestine:

  • There was ample evidence to show that the world opinion was not in favour of giving a stamp of recognition to Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
  • India has not officially explained why it voted against Donald Trump administration’s move but India had categorically stated that its Palestine position was independent and consistent.
  • India has huge strategic and economic interests in the 57 member countries of the (Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) so, a decision against the prevailing sentiments in these countries might unnecessarily create a strain in relation with India.
  • With Palestine, there is a shared culture via the presence of Islam in India as well as India’s close ties with Arabs since ancient times.


  • As far Indian stand on Israeli-Palestinian Conflict India is definitely is at a fix and should have opted for a more “diplomatic”
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