Indian Army Establishes Quantum Laboratory at Mhow (MP)

What is the News?

The Indian Army has established the Quantum Lab and a Centre for Artificial Intelligence(AI) at Military College of Telecommunication Engineering, Mhow(MP).

About Quantum Lab

The lab has been established by the Indian Army with the support of the National Security Council Secretariat(NSCS).

Purpose: To conduct research and training in the Quantum Technology field.

The key thrust areas are Quantum Key Distribution, Quantum Communication, Quantum Computing and Post Quantum Cryptography.

Significance: The research undertaken by the Indian Army in the field of Quantum Technology will help leapfrog into next-generation communication and transform the current system of cryptography in the Indian Armed Forces to Post Quantum Cryptography(PQC). 

Note: Post-quantum cryptography typically refers to public-key cryptography methods that are designed to be resistant to quantum computer-based attacks.
What is Public Key Cryptography?

Public-key cryptography also called asymmetric cryptography is communication where people exchange messages that can only be read by one another.

In public-key cryptography, each user has a pair of cryptographic keys: a public key and a private key

The private key is kept secret, while the public key may be widely distributed and used by other users. 

Incoming messages are encrypted with the recipient’s public key and can only be decrypted with their corresponding private key.

Source: This post is based on the articleIndian Army Establishes Quantum Laboratory at Mhow (MP)published in PIB on 29th Dec 2021.

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