Indian Polity : News


India Polity : Legislature

Annual review of state laws 2020 report by PRS

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Importance of Parliamentary Proceedings

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Misuse of Ordinance Making Power

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Declining Role of Parliament in Ensuring Accountability of Executive

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Basics of Constitution

Centre Releases New Guidelines for “OCI Cardholders”

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Ways to Strengthen India’s Democracy

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“Freedom in the World 2021 Report” Downgrades India’s Ranking

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law on draping National Flag over body of a deceased

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Judiciary

The Pros and Cons of e-Courts project

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SC releases draft model rules for live-streaming and Recording of court proceedings

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Judicial Governance during Pandemic – Explained, Pointwise

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A Case of Declining Judicial Federalism in India

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Rights, duties and Principles

CBSE can’t refuse to change names after declaring results: Supreme Court

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Maratha Reservation Case Judgment and Federalism

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Government Must Ensure ‘Right to Life’ for Economic Recovery

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SC struck down the Maharashtra State Reservation for SEBC Act 2018

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Various Bodies

Need of Constituting National Tribunal Commission in India

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The Case of EC’s Demand for Restriction on Media

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Reducing Independence of the Election Commission of India – Explained, Pointwise

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Criteria for Selection of Experts in Tribunals Needs More Clarity

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Center-State Relations

Political and administrative elements in maintaining Healthy Federalism

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Issues with recent draft rules notified by the Lakshadweep administration

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Growing Centralisation of Power Erodes Federal Structure

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New Lakshadweep Regulations: Issues and Rationale – Explained, pointwise

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Local Bodies

Creation of New Districts in India: Pros and Cons – Explained, Pointwise

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Need to Strengthen Panchayati Raj System

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Critical Analysis of 15th Finance Commission Recommendations for Local Bodies

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Recommendation of 15th Finance Commission and challenges faced by Local Bodies

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Election related issues

India needs to replace frequent elections with One nation One election

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RTI reveals details of “Electoral bonds” sale during the recent elections

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[Yojana Summary] One Nation One Election

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The Case of EC’s Demand for Restriction on Media

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Executive

Breach of Constitutional Propriety by Governor

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 Are courts encroaching on the powers of the executive?  

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Pardoning Powers of Governor 

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Aspect of Mercy petition in India and Judicial intervention

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Judgments

The Pros and Cons of e-Courts project

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SC releases draft model rules for live-streaming and Recording of court proceedings

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Judicial Governance during Pandemic – Explained, Pointwise

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A Case of Declining Judicial Federalism in India

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Governance

PRAGATI (Proactive Governance And Timely Implementation) Portal

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Public’s right to information vs. national security interest

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Issues with NITI Aayog’s SDG India Index 2020-21

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“Vigilance clearance” is mandatory before offering jobs to retired Govt employee: CVC

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Voluntary Org.

Significance of Community Efforts in Tackling the Pandemic

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Significance of Citizen-led Fact-Finding Missions

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Gauhati High Court Questions FCRA Amendment Act

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Impact of New FCRA Rules on Relief Work of NGOs – Explained, Pointwise

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Civil Service reforms

Bihar Assembly Passed the “Bihar Special Armed Police Bill 2021”

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“3 Language Policy” is not applicable to the Central govt. offices

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Why central deputation to 3 Bengal police officers not right?

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Union Cabinet approves Mission Karmayogi

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How to Read Indian Polity for UPSC IAS?

Indian Polity is one of the most important subjects in the UPSC IAS Exam. It is part of both UPSC Prelims Syllabus and UPSC Mains Syllabus (General Studies -Paper-II). Hence, it becomes very important for all the students to clear their fundamentals and have the core idea of this subject. From the experience of the UPSC Past Year question Papers, it has been analyzed that Indian Polity is one of the easiest and scoring subject as questions are directly being asked.

The number of questions asked: Every year on average 15-20 % of questions have been asked in the UPSC Prelims exam. In the following table we will see the total number of questions asked in last 5 years in the UPSC Prelims exam.

YearNumber of questions asked from Indian Polity
202016
201915
201813
201722
20167

Types of question asked: Most of the times, question asked from Indian Polity are straight forward. Students can answer them if their basic understanding about the subject is clear. UPSC keeps changing its pattern of questions. It is evident from the facts that in last few years some conceptual based questions have also being asked. The range of questions vary from easy, moderate to difficult level. Students can score well in this subject with right approach and clear understanding. Due to its high weightage, it plays very important role in clearing the UPSC IAS Prelims exam.

In this article, we will discuss about How to study Indian Polity. We will also discuss about basic books which we should refer for our understanding and to score well in exam.

Basic books to start with Indian Polity: 
  • Class IX NCERT textbook – Democratic Politics-I
  • Class X NCERT textbook – Democratic Politics-II
  • Class XI NCERT textbook – Indian Constitution at work
  • Indian Polity – M. Laxmikanth
  • For Indian Parliament- Subhash Kashyap
  • Introduction to the Constitution of India – D.D. Basu
  • India Year Book
Strategy to study Indian Polity: 
  • Start with NCERT textbooks: Students should start the Indian Polity subject with NCERT textbooks of Class IX, X and XI. Among these books, Class XI NCERT textbook is very important. These books will build their base and understanding about basic Polity and Indian Constitution. As there are only 3 NCERT books, it is advisable to the students that they highlight the important points and revise it again and again.
  • Move towards advance book: To score high marks in Indian Polity, one solo book of Indian Polity by M. Laxmikant is more than sufficient. This book is very comprehensive and helpful for both UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam. The language of the book is very simple and easy to understand. But for reading this book, one should have following strategy:
  • First reading should be basic reading. In this reading, one should focus on simply reading and getting the things. This time, one should highlight anything in the book.
  • After first reading, one should see the UPSC Prelims Previous Year Papers. Here, one should go very slowly in analyzing and getting what type of questions are being asked and from which topics.
  • In the second year, students should take the help of their analysis of past year papers. Now when they reading second time, they should start highlighting the sentences which are important from exam perspective. For example, in the Chapter of Attorney General of India, students must highlight that “He can take part in both the proceedings of the House even without being a member of the House”.
  • In the third reading, they should co-relate the chapters. For example, reading Parliament and State Legislature back-to-back. It will boost their command in the chapters.
  • Students should sort the important chapters as per past year papers.
  • They should make short notes (mostly of facts), maps, flow charts and revise them again and again.
  • They should also co-relate the chapters with other relevant subjects and current affairs.
  • Book for Mains:After completing M. Laxmikant, students can start with Introduction to the Constitution of India by D.D. Basu. This book is very helpful UPSC Mains. This book will provide the students in-depth knowledge of the subject. Though the language of the book is somewhat difficult, but with multiple reading, students will find it very useful.
  • Command over Articles of Indian Constitution:In UPSC Prelims, no question is directly being asked from Articles. But in Mains, it becomes very important to quote Articles to fetch good marks. Here also, not all the Articles are important. The important ones like President, Governor, Fundamental Rights etc. will automatically fit into your mind with multiple reading of this subject. You do not need to mug up that.
  • Linking the subject with current affairs:While reading newspaper, it is important to pay attention on the important articles which is part of our syllabus of Indian Polity and Indian Constitution. News related to national and international political system, new bills, acts, policies, government schemes and any related provisions should be noted down in your Polity notes.
  • Solving MCQs and multiple revision: Indian Polity questions are not difficult. They require logic and clear concepts. It is only possible when one will revise the subject again and again. Students also need to solve many MCQs for Prelims exam to score well in final exam. Solving Previous year UPSC Prelims Paper is of utmost important. For Mains, one need to practice answer writing a lot. It will enhance their skill and also the ability to corelate the subject with current affairs and other subjects too.