- India join naval exercise at Malabar makes China insecure.
- In the year 1992, Malabar exercise kicked off which was 23 years ago, a bilateral drill between India and U.S.
- In the year 2015, Japan became the permanent member of the Malabar exercise.
- The main aim of the exercise remained to address the shared security threat to maritime security in the Indo-Asia Pacific.
- Japan since 2007 have participated as a non-permanent member along with Australia and Singapore.
- On 10th July, 2017 India, Japan and United States kicked off the Malabar naval exercise in the Bay of Bengal.
- The tri-lateral naval exercise is the widest in scope than all its previous editions and will continue for 10 days.
Aim of the exercise
- Malabar 2017 emanates at a crucial time when the Chinese navy is trying hard to increase its presence in the Indian Ocean region.
- The main aim of the exercise is to address the shared threats to maritime security in the Indo-Asia Pacific.
- Primary emphasis this year is on anti-submarine warfare.
Warships put to use this year:
Most important warships
- India, Japan, and U.S., all three have put forth their largest warships in the field among the the 20-odd warships taking part in the exercise.
- The United States is getting in the world’s largest aircraft carrier, USS Nimitz.
- The Indian Navy’s 44,570 tonne aircraft carrier, INS Vikramaditya, will be put forth.
- Japan’s largest 27,000 tonne helicopter carrier Izumo.
US Navy other warships
- The guided-missile cruiser USS Princeton (CG 59)
- Guided-missile destroyers USS Howard (DDG 83)
- USS Shoup (DDG 86)
- USS Kidd (DDG 100)
- P-8A Poseidon aircraft
- Los Angeles-class fast-attack submarine.
Indian other trusted warships
- Two Made-in-India Shivalik class stealth frigates.
- Two Russian-built Ranvir class destroyers.
- The indigenous Kamorta class anti-submarine warfare corvette.
- A Kora class multi-role corvette are going to be deployed.
Japan other ships
- The Japan Maritime Self Defense Force ships JS Sazanami (DD 113).
- The drill will include both ashore and at-sea training.
- The ashore training in Chennai will include expert exchanges carrier strike group operations.
- Maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare, explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) and visit, board, Landry Jones – Oklahoma Sooners search and seizure (VBSS) operations, all will be part of the drill.
- The at-sea portions that will be conducted in the Bay of Bengal are designed to advance participating nations’ military-to-military synchronization.
- The capacity to plan and execute tactical operations in a multinational environment will be improvised.
- Events planned during the at-sea portions include liaison officer professional exchanges and embarks, air defence exercises; medical evacuation drills and of course, anti-submarine warfare.
- China is thoroughly monitoring and seems unhappy about the ongoing Malabar naval exercises between India, the U.S. and Japan.
- The Indian Navy’s mounting clout to detect Chinese submarines and surface ships in the Indian Ocean, using newly acquired weaponry from Washington disturbs China.
- Chinese feel that their submarines are getting targeted.
- Malabar 2017 comes at a time when there are high tensions between India and China over the Sikkim border.
- The growth of Chinese navy in the Indian Ocean Region, China, who has been wary of the drills since a long time is keeping a close watch.
- China keeping a watch sends a surveillance ship, The HaiwangXiang, to monitor the Malabar issue.
- India on its part is also worried that China will step up activities in the Indian Ocean in response to the Malabar exercise.
- China is already building infrastructure in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan, feeding India’s anxiety about being encircled.
- China is worrisome for India,