Source: The post is based on an article “Indus Valley Civilisation differs from others as inequality levels were far lower… likely because the Indus changed course often” published in The Times of India on 17th March 2023.
Syllabus: GS 1 – Ancient History
Relevance: About Ancient Civilizations
News: The article explains the similarities and differences amongst the ancient civilizations.
What were the similarities and differences amongst the ancient civilizations?
The big cities in the ancient civilizations grew in places that could support large populations such as where there were plenty of good soil and lots of water to support the people.
Population densities grew in the early cities of the Indus Valley, the Nile, Mesopotamia, and the civilizations around the Yellow River in China because the climatic conditions of those cities provided food to people.
Due to which, people in these civilizations lived close to each other. However, living close to each other also caused disease to spread amongst the large number of people.
Urban settlements of these civilizations later shifted towards property rights; writing systems; social and economic hierarchies and more.
However, the Indus Valley Civilisation differs from others because inequality levels were far lower than other civilizations. This was because the Indus, unlike the other rivers, changed its course often.
This changed the structure of the society of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Must Read: Indus valley Civilization: Important aspects and new developments