What is the news?
Indian Navy inducted INS Karanj into service. It is a 3rd Scorpene-class conventional diesel-electric submarine.
About INS Karanj:
- INS Karanj is a part of Project-75I. It is the 3rd submarine of the first batch of 6 Scorpene-class submarines under the project, for the Indian Navy.
- Designed by: French naval defence and energy group.
- Manufactured by: Mazagon Dock Limited, an Indian shipyard in Mumbai.
- Earlier Version: The previous INS Karanj (a Russian-origin submarine) was commissioned in 1969 at Riga in the erstwhile USSR. It served the nation for 34 years up to 2003.
Key Features of INS Karanj:
- INS Karanj is equipped with the best sensors in the world. Furthermore, it is fitted with an integrated platform management system to provide centralised propulsion and machinery control.
- The powerful diesel engines can quickly charge batteries for a stealthy mission profile.
- It is also fitted with a permanent magnetic synchronous motor. It makes it one of the quietest submarines in the world.
What are Scorpene-Class Submarines?
- Scorpene-class submarines are one of the most advanced conventional submarines in the world.
- Features of Scorpene Submarines:
- They have superior stealth features, such as; advanced silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels, and the ability to attack with precision-guided weapons on board.
- They can also launch crippling attacks on the surface and underwater enemy targets.
- Purpose: The Indian Navy intends to use these submarines for missions such as area surveillance, intelligence gathering, anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, and minelaying operations.
- Speed: They can travel at a maximum submerged speed of approximately 20 knots and have the ability to remain submerged for 21 days. It has a diving depth of more than 350m.
About Project 75I:
- The Project 75I is a program by the Indian Navy for building six Scorpene-Class attack submarines.
- Six Submarines:
- The first submarine is INS Kalvari. It was commissioned in 2017
- The second is INS Khanderi. It was commissioned in 2019.
- The fourth and fifth submarines are INS Vela and INS Vagir. They are undergoing sea trials.
- The sixth is INS Vaghseer. It is in an advanced stage of outfitting.
Source: Indian Express