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Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0

News:Government of India will be launching the second phase of Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0.

Facts:

About Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0:

  • The Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 will aim to cover the low immunisation pockets.
  • It will carry out massive immunisation program in 271 districts across the nation and 652 blocks located in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
  • The Mission Indradhanush has increased India’s immunisation coverage significantly to 87% from 67% in 2014.
  • However,official data on India’s immunisation coverage is still 62% given as the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16).

About Mission Indradhanush:

  • Mission Indradhanush is a vaccination programme that was launched in the year 2014.
  • It aimed to increase full immunization coverage to cover children up to 2 years and pregnant women.
  • It represents the seven vaccines that were then included in the Universal Immunisation Programme against seven diseases: tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and measles. 
  • The number has since risen to 12 with the inclusion of vaccines against measles rubella, rotavirus, Haemophilus influenzae type-B and polio.
  • In a select few states and districts, vaccines are also provided against Japanese Encephalitis and pneumococcus.

About Intensified Mission Indradhanush:

  • The Intensified Mission Indradhanush was launched in October 2017.
  • It has aimed to reach each and every child under two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunization programme.
  • The special drive has focussed in selected districts and cities to ensure full immunization to more than 90% by December 2018.
  • Further,Special attention was also given to unserved/low coverage pockets in sub-centre and urban slums with migratory population.The focus was also on the urban settlements and cities identified under National Urban Health Mission (NUHM).
  • The Vaccine which were supplied were also tracked using the Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network and cold chain tracking programme, and distributed using the alternate vaccine delivery mechanism.

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