International Labour Organization (ILO)

News: After 35 years, India has assumed the Chairmanship of the Governing Body of International Labour Organization(ILO).

International Labour Organization(ILO):

  • Established in: 1919
  • Aim: To promote social and economic justice through setting up of international labour standards.
  • Members: 187 member states
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Significance: It is the first affiliated specialized agency of the United Nations and the only tripartite U.N. agency that brings together governments, employers and workers to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.
  • Recognition: It received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969 for improving peace among classes, pursuing justice for workers and for technical assistance to other developing nations.
  • Reports: a) World Employment and Social Outlook b) Global Wage Report and c) World Social Protection Report.
  • ILO Conventions ratified by India:
    • The six conventions of ILO which have been ratified by India are a) Forced Labour Convention b) Abolition of Forced Labour Convention c) Equal Remuneration Convention d) Discrimination (Employment Occupation) Convention e) Minimum Age Convention and f) Worst forms of Child Labour Convention.
    • The other two conventions namely a) Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organised Convention b) Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention has not been ratified by India.
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