News: Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant and Bengal Florican have been classified as “endangered migratory species” by UN’s Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) or the Bonn Convention
- It is an intergovernmental treaty, concluded under the aegis of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP). It acts as a framework convention and encourages its States Parties to conclude global or regional agreements.
- It was signed in 1979 in Bonn, Germany, and entered into force in 1983
- Aim: conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats
- It is the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes.
Appendices of CMS:
- Appendix I – Threatened Migratory Species
- Appendix II – Migratory Species requiring international cooperation
Parties to the Convention: 129 parties including India
About Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant, and Bengal Florican
|Species||IUCN Status||Wildlife (Protection) Act Status||Note|
|Great Indian Bustard||Critically Endangered||Schedule I|
|Asian Elephant||Endangered||Schedule I||GoI declared Indian elephant as National Heritage Animal|
|Bengal Florican||Critically Endangered||Schedule I|