International Agreements

International Agreements are the agreements between 2 or more states, under which nations, after negotiations, agree to cooperate on Trade or Defence-related aspects with each other.

  • European Parliament approves “EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement(TCA)”
    What is the News? European Parliament has approved the final ratification of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement(TCA) between the UK and the European Union. About EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement(TCA) It is a free trade agreement signed in December 2020 between the United Kingdom(UK) and European Union(EU). The agreement had already been ratified by ...
  • U.K. Agrees for “Extradition” of Nirav Modi in PNB case
    What is the News? The U.K.’s Home Department approves the extradition of diamond merchant Nirav Modi to India. He is wanted in India in connection with the Punjab National Bank(PNB) fraud. About Extradition: Extradition is the formal process of surrendering an individual from one state to another state. The aim of the process ...
  • Issue of Freedom of Navigation in EEZs
    Synopsis: States should consult the coastal state before conducting military exercises in an EEZ exclusive economic zone. Introduction The USS John Paul Jones conducted a ‘Freedom of Navigation Operation’ 130 nautical miles west of the Lakshadweep Islands. The operation took place inside India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). India’s consent was not ...
  • Talks on Iran Nuclear Deal Resumes
    Synopsis – The Joint Commission of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) resumed talks. The lifting of sanctions on Iran and nuclear implementation measures are on top of the agenda. Background- In 2018, former US President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the Iran Nuclear Deal. Further, it imposed ...
  • Freedom of navigation operation (FONOP) in Indian waters
    Synopsis: The U.S. Navy’s FONOP in India’s EEZ highlights the difference in the Indian and American perception on international maritime law (UNCLOS). Background Recently, the USS John Paul Jones carried out freedom of navigation operations (FONOP) in the west of the Lakshadweep Islands. It lies in India’s exclusive economic zone. It was done ...
  • US’s Freedom of Navigation Operation in India’s EEZ – Explained, Pointwise
    Synopsis: The recent Freedom of Navigation Operation (FONOP) of the US in India’s EEZ is in violation of UNCLOS. Introduction Recently, the US 7th Fleet announced that one of its warships, USS John Paul Jones carried out Freedom of Navigation operation(FONOP). The FONOP operation carried out approximately 130 nautical miles west of Lakshadweep ...
  • Violation of India’s Exclusive Economic Zone by US Navy
    Synopsis –  Recently, the US Navy challenged India’s maritime rights in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) near Lakshadweep Islands. It called India’s claim excessive and its actions as per the freedom of navigation. Introduction Recently, a move by the US navy came as a surprise to India. It is a surprise, especially ...
  • “Freedom of Navigation operation”(FONOP) and the “Exclusive Economic Zone”
    What is the News? The US Seventh Fleet has announced that one of its warships, USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53) has carried out a Freedom of Navigation operation(FONOP). The FONOP operation carried out approximately 130 nautical miles west of Lakshadweep Islands. This is inside India’s exclusive economic zone. But the ...
  • “Exclusive Economic Zone”(EEZ) of India
    What is the News? India protested the U.S. decision to conduct a patrol in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the western Indian Ocean. What is the Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ)? The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) defines an Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ). It is an area that ...
  • Turkey withdraws from “Istanbul Convention”
    What is the News? Turkey withdraws from the Istanbul Convention to combat violence against women. About Istanbul Convention: Firstly, Istanbul Convention is also called the Council of Europe Convention. It aims towards preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence. Secondly, Adoption: The Council of Europe Committee of Ministers adopted the convention in ...