ISRO successfully places Brazil’s “Amazonia-1 and 18 Satellites” in orbit

What is the News?

ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PSLV-C51) rocket launched Brazil’s Amazonia-1 and 18 co-passenger satellites.


  • It is the 53rd flight of the Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) program.
  • It was also the first dedicated mission for New Space India Ltd (NSIL), the commercial arm of ISRO.
  • The mission was undertaken under a commercial arrangement with Spaceflight Inc., USA.

Amazonia-1 Satellite:

  • It is an earth observation satellite. Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research designed, integrated, tested, and operated the satellites.
  • Purpose: It will provide remote sensing data for users monitoring deforestation in the Amazon forests. Furthermore, it will analyze diversified agriculture across the Brazilian territory.
  • The satellite injected into its precise orbit of 758 km in a sun-synchronous polar orbit.
  • Significance: It is the first commercial venture for New Space India Limited (NSIL).

Satish Dhawan SAT(SDSAT) Satellite:

  • Developed by: Space Kidz India.
  • Purpose: It is a nano-satellite. It will study the radiation levels, space weather and will demonstrate long-range communication technologies.
  • The satellite has an engraving on the top panel of the satellite. This engraving shows solidarity and gratitude for the Atma Nirbhar initiative and Space privatization.

UNITYsat Satellites:

  • Built by: It is a combination of three satellites. It is designed and built jointly by the Jeppiaar Institute of Technology, G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering, Nagpur, and Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore.
  • Purpose: The satellites were launched for providing radio relay services.

Other Satellites:

  • The other satellites were from the U.S.A. Among them, one was a technology demonstration satellite.
    • Technology demonstration satellites help in the demonstration of new technologies and techniques testing. These technologies will have a use in future space missions.

The satellite that missed the launch:

Anand Satellite:

  • Developed by: Pixxel India, a Bengaluru-based start-up developed Anand Satellite.
  • Purpose: It is an earth-imaging satellite. It will monitor every part of the globe, and beam high-resolution imagery and other data. Thus, this satellite will have a variety of applications in climate change, agriculture, and urban planning.
  • It was supposed to be on this PSLV-C51 rocket mission. However, the launch cancelled due to certain software issues during testing.

Source: The Hindu

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