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Source– The post is based on the article “Its time to discuss depopulation” published in The Hindu on 28th November 2022.
Syllabus: GS1 and GS2 Population and associated Issues
Relevance– Human Resource
News– The article explains the increasing population in India.
What are Statistical data of Population in India as per recent report?
By current United Nations estimates, India’s population will begin to decline only in 2063 It will be just shy of 1.7 billion by that time
Fertility in India is falling along expected lines as a direct result of rising incomes and greater female access to health and education. India’s total fertility rate is now below the replacement rate of fertility.
What are the challenges associated with depopulation in India?
First, the mismatch is rising gap between sex ratio as families with a first son is less likely to have a second child.
Second, the literacy rate is going to play an important role in deciding depopulation.
Third, the sharp anti-Muslim tone in the conversation has remained even though fertility between Hindus and Muslims is converging.
What is the way forward?
The focus of one should be upon the various dimensions of population like harnessing the potential of demographic dividend.
There is a need for much focus on betterment of living standard of living by providing skills to the youth and bridging the gap between the workforce.