• The IUCN is an international organization that works in the field of conservation of the world’s flora and fauna.
  • The IUCN is a global union composed of both government as well as civil society organisations.
  • More than 1400 organisations are its members, making the IUCN an international authority on the status of the natural world.
  • When it was first set up in Fontainebleau (France) in 1948, it was the first international environmental union. Its objective was to promote international cooperation and provide scientific knowledge and tools to aid conservation action.
  • It works to conserve the various species of flora and fauna. It established the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 1964.
  • It also played a huge role in the formation of major international conventions such as the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, the World Heritage Convention and the Convention on Biological Diversity.
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