has become the first state to set up a Price Monitoring and Research Unit
(PMRU). It aims to track violation of prices of essential drugs and medical
devices under the Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO) — the orders issued by Government
declaring a ceiling price for essential and lifesaving medicines.
of PMRU are a) offer technical help to the State Drug Controllers and the National
Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) to monitor notified prices of
medicines, b) detect violation of the provisions of the DPCO, c) ensure price
compliance, d) collect test samples of medicines, e) collect and compile
market-based data of drugs.
Pharmaceuticals Pricing Policy provides for regulatory framework for pricing of
essential drugs. National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is the apex
body which controls and monitors drug prices.