Why in News?
The Supreme Court has issued notice to the Centre on a PIL. It is to declare the Law Commission of India as a “statutory body”. And also, to appoint a chairperson and members for the body within a month.
About Law Commission of India
- Status: It is a non-statutory body. The government of India constitutes it, from time to time.
- The commission is established for a fixed tenure. It works as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice.
- It identifies obsolete laws. The laws which are no longer relevant, not in harmony with the existing climate and laws which require change.
- It suggests suitable measures for quick redressal of citizens’ grievances in the field of law.
- It enables poors, to take benefit out of the legal process.
- Likewise, it examines the laws for promoting gender equality.
- However, The recommendations of the commission are not binding on the government. They are recommendations only. The government or concerned department may accept or reject these recommendations.
Establishment of Law Commission
- The first Law Commission was established during the British Raj era in 1834. It was established by the Charter Act of 1833 and was chaired by Lord Macaulay.
- In 1955, the first Law Commission of independent India was established for a three-year term. Since then, twenty-one more Commissions have been established.
- In 2015, The 21st Law Commission of India was established. Its tenure was up to 31st August 2018. In 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the creation of the 22nd Law Commission.
Source: Indian Express