Maharashtra’s “Chandrapur” district is a hotbed for human-animal conflict

What is the News?

Maharashtra’s Chandrapur district has seen 22 deaths from tiger attacks in 2021. However, the Central Chanda divisional forest area has kept the numbers down to two only.

Tigers in Chandrapur District of Maharashtra:
  • Chandrapur accounts for as many as 200 of Maharashtra’s 311 tigers. Under this, the Central Chanda area is estimated to hold 25 adult tigers. Hence, this district is a hotbed for man-animal conflict.

How did the Central Chanda area reduce deaths from the Tiger attack? The forest officials from Central Chanda has taken a series of measures. This includes,

  • Raising awareness among locals and avoiding accidental run-ins with the tiger
  • Changing timings of entry of villagers into the forest area
  • Ensuring villagers went in groups and not alone
  • Entry Registers were set up at the entrance of the forest area to act as a deterrent for those trying to sneak into the forest.
  • An anti-snare campaign was organized to educate villagers against setting up traps to catch small herbivores which end up attracting tigers
  • To motivate the forest staffers, certificates for good work were provided to them.
Tiger Reserves and Sanctuaries in Chandrapur District of Maharashtra:

Tadoba Tiger Reserve:

  • Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is located in Chandrapur district in Maharashtra.
  • The reserve includes the Tadoba National Park and the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Vegetation: Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Teak Forests.
  • Significance: It is Maharashtra’s oldest and largest national park.It was established as the second Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra in 1994-95.
Ghodazari Wildlife Sanctuary:
  • Ghodazari Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife reserve established in 2018 in the Chandrapur district in Maharashtra.
  • The sanctuary is considered a key region on the connecting corridor for the tiger migration between the Tadoba Andhari Tiger reserve and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • Lake: Ghodazari lake is an important destination for native and migratory birds due to its undisturbed water body and abundance of food.
  • Fauna: Tigers are the main attraction and reason behind the creation of the sanctuary. Other wildlife mammals and reptiles are also found in the sanctuary.
  • Flora: The Sanctuary consists mainly of deciduous forest. It has an extensive distribution of teak, ain, Bamboo and other trees.

Source: Indian Express


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