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What is the News?
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) has released the ‘Migration in India 2020-21’.
What is Migration in India 2020-21 Report?
Purpose: The report is based on the first-time collection of additional data during the annual round of the Periodic Labour Force Survey for July 2020-June 2021. The report separates the categories of ‘temporary visitors’ and ‘migrants’.
What are the key findings of the report?
Migration: Migrants are classified as those whose last usual place of residence is different from the present place of enumeration. The usual place of residence is the village or town where the person stayed continuously for a period of six months or more or intends to stay for six months or more.
– According to the report, the all-India migration rate was 28.9% for July 2020-June 2021 with a 26.5% migration rate in rural areas and 34.9% in urban areas.
– Females recorded a higher share of migration rate of 47.9% while the migration rate for males was seen at 10.7%.
– Nearly 88% of migrants moved within the same state in 2020-21 while 11.8% moved to another state during the same period.
Temporary Visitors: Temporary visitors have been defined as the ones who arrived in households after March 2020 and stayed continuously for a period of 15 days or more but less than 6 months.
– According to the report, only 0.7% of the country’s population was a ‘temporary visitor’ in households during July 2020-June 2021.
Note: Taking the country’s total population to be 121.08 crores (Census 2011), 0.7% would imply to be about 85 lakh ‘temporary visitors’ in the households.
Source: The post is based on the article “‘Majority of migrants moved within same state in 2020-21’: PLFS” published in TOI on 16th June 2022.