What is the News?
Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) has written to states, sharing international boundaries with Myanmar. Chief Secretaries of these states (Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh) are asked to take appropriate action to check illegal influx from Myanmar into India.
Why was this directive issued?
- Myanmar’s military has seized full control of the country’s government. After that, it ordered a crackdown on protesters.
- Due to this situation in Myanmar, several Myanmar citizens are illegally entering India.
What are the other directives MHA has issued?
- The State governments had no powers to grant refugee status to any foreigner.
- India is not a signatory to the United Nations Refugee Convention of 1951 and its 1967 Protocol.
- The directive also recalled the guidelines addressed to all States in 2017. In the guidelines, instructions were issued to sensitize all law enforcement and intelligence agencies for taking prompt steps in identifying the illegal migrants. So that, they can initiate the deportation processes expeditiously and without delay.
- Further, another set of guidelines were sent to States in 2018. The guideline provides for the appropriate steps for identifying illegal migrants, such as:
- Restrictions of Illegal Migrants specific locations as per provisions of law
- Capturing their biographic and biometric particulars
- Cancellation of fake Indian documents and
- Initiating legal proceedings including deportation proceedings as per provisions of law.
About United Nations Refugee Convention,1951:
- The 1951 Refugee Convention also known as Geneva Convention. It is a United Nations multilateral treaty for the protection of refugees
- Who is a refugee? The convention defines a refugee as a person who fled their homes and countries due to a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion is a refugee.
- The Convention also sets out which people do not qualify as refugees, such as war criminals.
- Non-Refoulement: The cornerstone of the 1951 Refugee Convention is the principle of non-refoulement. According to this principle, a refugee should not be returned to a country where he or she faces serious threats to his or her life or freedom.
Source: The Hindu