Microhyla eos

News:Scientists have discovered a new discovered species of frog named Microhyla eos from Arunachal Pradesh.

Facts:

About Microhyla:

  • Microhyla are a group of narrow-mouthed frogs (subfamily Microhylinae) that is primarily and widely distributed in Asia. 
  • They are commonly known as ‘Rice Frogs’ or ‘Chorus Frogs’, the genus currently comprises of 49 recognised species.

About the new frog species:

  • The new frog was discovered from riparian habitats in a primary evergreen forest in the Namdapha Tiger Reserve of the state.
  • The frog was confirmed to represent a distinct new species after detailed comparison of both, DNA and morphology with all the previously known members of the group found across South, Southeast, and East Asia.
  • Since Arunachal Pradesh is popularly known as ‘the land of the rising sun’ or ‘the land of dawn-lit mountains’,the new species has been named as eos after the mythological Greek goddess of dawn.

Additional information:

Namdapha National Park:

  • Namdapha National Park is a large protected area in Arunachal Pradesh
  • The area is located between Dapha Bum ridge of Mishmi Hills outspurs of North Eastern Himalayas and Patkai Ranges.
  • It is the fourth largest national park in India.
  • The Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) was first sighted in this park.It is endemic to this park and critically endangered.
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