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Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs Releases “Municipal Performance Index (MPI)”

What is the news?

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs releases the rankings of the Municipal Performance Index(MPI) 2020.

About Municipal Performance Index(MPI), 2020:

  • It is a framework to assess and analyze the performance of Indian Municipalities. Performance is evaluated based on their defined set of functions.
  • It provides citizens with a better understanding of their local government administration.
  • The MPI has been undertaken for the first time in the country.

Note: Both Ease of Living Index and Municipal Performance Index(MPI) released together. Both indexes provide a holistic view of the performance of cities across India.

Parameters: The index ranks municipalities based on five parameters which are:

  1. Services: It includes an assessment of all functions that citizens experience on a daily basis.
  2. Finance: It measures municipalities based on how they manage public funds and how their agency is accessing financial resources.
  3. Planning: It examines the level of preparation, implementation, and enforcement of urban planning.
  4. Technology: It measures the digital coverage of municipality services and the extent to which it empowers its citizens to access such services.
  5. Governance: It deals with aspects of municipal bodies and their governance mechanism.

Coverage:

  • The index examined the sectoral performance of 111 municipalities (with Delhi being assessed separately for NDMC and the three Municipal Corporations).
  • Classification: It has classified municipalities based on their population:
    • Million+ (municipalities having over a million population) and
    • Less than Million Population.

Key Findings:

  • Million+ category: Indore has emerged as the highest-ranked municipality followed by Surat and Bhopal.
  • Less than Million category: New Delhi Municipal Council has emerged as the leader followed by Tirupati and Gandhinagar.

Significance of the index:

  • MPI provides a detailed understanding of municipalities’ functionalities and the extent of their development and capabilities.
  • It also seeks to raise awareness among citizens and key stakeholders regarding their local government bodies and build greater transparency and accountability.

Source: Business Standard

 

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