“Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture”(MIDH) Scheme

What is the News?

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has provided an enhanced allocation of Rs. 2250 Crore for the year 2021-22 for ‘Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture’(MIDH).

 Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH):
  • The mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare is implementing the MIDH scheme since 2014-15.
  • Part of: The scheme is being implemented as a part of the Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana.
  • Coverage: The scheme covers fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops. The scheme also covers mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew and cocoa.

Sub Schemes under MIDH: The mission has the following sub-schemes as its component:

  • National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
  • Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH)
  • National Horticulture Board (NHB)
  • Coconut Development Board (CDB)
  • Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland.
Funding: Under the scheme,
  • The government of India(GOI) contributes 60% of the total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except states in the North East and the Himalayas.
  • In the case of the North-Eastern States and the Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%.
  • In the case of the following the GOI contributes 100%.
    • National Horticulture Board(NHB),
    • Coconut Development Board(CDB),
    • Central Institute for Horticulture(CIH)
    • The National Level Agencies(NLA)
  • Further, the scheme also provides for technical and administrative support to State Governments/ State Horticulture Missions(SHMs). It also provides technical and administrative support for the Saffron Mission and other horticulture-related activities.

Performance of the scheme: MIDH scheme has played a significant role in increasing the area under horticulture crops such as:

  • Area and production under horticulture crops during the years 2014 – 15 to 2019 – 20 has increased by 9% and 14% respectively.
  • During the year 2019-20, the country recorded its highest ever horticulture production of 320.77 million tonnes from an area of 25.66 million hectares.
  • However, the sector is still facing a lot of challenges. Such as,
    • High post-harvest loss
    • Gaps in post-harvest management
    • Supply chain infrastructure.

Source: PIB


 

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