What is the News?
The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has provided an enhanced allocation of Rs. 2250 Crore for the year 2021-22 for ‘Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture’(MIDH).
Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH):
- The mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture(MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector.
- Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare is implementing the MIDH scheme since 2014-15.
- Part of: The scheme is being implemented as a part of the Green Revolution – Krishonnati Yojana.
- Coverage: The scheme covers fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops. The scheme also covers mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew and cocoa.
Sub Schemes under MIDH: The mission has the following sub-schemes as its component:
- National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
- Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH)
- National Horticulture Board (NHB)
- Coconut Development Board (CDB)
- Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland.
Funding: Under the scheme,
- The government of India(GOI) contributes 60% of the total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except states in the North East and the Himalayas.
- In the case of the North-Eastern States and the Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%.
- In the case of the following the GOI contributes 100%.
- National Horticulture Board(NHB),
- Coconut Development Board(CDB),
- Central Institute for Horticulture(CIH)
- The National Level Agencies(NLA)
- Further, the scheme also provides for technical and administrative support to State Governments/ State Horticulture Missions(SHMs). It also provides technical and administrative support for the Saffron Mission and other horticulture-related activities.
Performance of the scheme: MIDH scheme has played a significant role in increasing the area under horticulture crops such as:
- Area and production under horticulture crops during the years 2014 – 15 to 2019 – 20 has increased by 9% and 14% respectively.
- During the year 2019-20, the country recorded its highest ever horticulture production of 320.77 million tonnes from an area of 25.66 million hectares.
- However, the sector is still facing a lot of challenges. Such as,
- High post-harvest loss
- Gaps in post-harvest management
- Supply chain infrastructure.