Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill, 2017- an Analysis

Context:

Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill, 2017 is scheduled for upcoming monsoon session of parliament

Need for an amendment in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988

  1. Increase in Severity of Accidents:
  • According to the Report Road Accidents in India-2016’, road accidents in India have decreased by around 4.1% in 2016 from 2015. However, fatalities resulting from these accidents have risen by about 3.2%

  • According to a World Bank report, road accidents cost India about 3% of its gross domestic product every year.
  1.  Changing Requirements:
  • When the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 was framed, India’s motorisation scenario was at a nascent stage. It was felt that policies were needed to give this sector a boost.
  • Therefore, most of the provisions of the 1988 Bill revolve around movement of good and passengers
  • The Act is inadequate with increasing motorization in India
  • Further, the penalties for violation of rules is grossly inadequate for ensuring non-violation of traffic rules

     

Issue of Duplicate Licenses

  • Due to inefficiency in the licensing system, lakh of licenses are issued without prescribed checks and balances
  • Further, due to absence of a central registry, often multiple licences are held by one person for different States.
  1. The need for accountability:
  • According to Save Life Foundation, Engineering/designing fault caused 1289 accidents
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