According to NASA’s latest orbital debris
quarterly news, 49 debris from India’s Mission Shakti remain on orbit as of
July 15th. The report has however been rejected by India’s missile
Mission Shakti was an Anti-satellite (ASAT)
missile test conducted by India in March 2019. The Mission was carried out by
shooting down Microsat-R with a modified exo-atmospheric missile of the
ballistic missile defence at an altitude of 300 km. Microsat-R is a imaging
satellite which was launched by ISRO using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
(PSLV) in January 2019.
Space debris are artificial material that is
orbiting Earth but is no longer functional. They consists of dead satellites,
spent rocket motors, nuts and bolts etc. Space debris is a threat to active
satellites and spaceships as they pose risk of collisions.
According to Space-track website, in total, 14,520
debris and 5165 functional and non-functional satellites are currently in
space. India currently has 96 functional and non-functional satellites in space
and 173 species of trackable debris. USA has 4,804 debris and 1791 functional
and non-functional satellites.