News:Prime Minister will launch National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis on 11 September 2019 in Mathura.
About the Programme:
- National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis is a 100% centrally funded programme.
- It aims to control Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by 2025 with vaccination and eventual eradication by 2030.
About Foot and Mouth Disease
- Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of livestock that has a significant economic impact.
- The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants.
- FMD virus belongs to risk group 4 as per World Organization for Animal Health(OIE) Aphthovirus genus of the picornaviridae family.
- FMD can spread when infected animals bring the virus into physical contact with susceptible animals.
- If a cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is upto 100% which could last for four to six months.
- Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.
- The bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through infected food products,direct contact with an infected animal or inhalation of aerosols.
- The disease is also known as undulant fever, Malta fever, and Mediterranean fever.
- In case of Brucellosis the milk output reduces by 30% during the entire life cycle of animal.Brucellosis also causes infertility amongst the animals.