News: Central government has released calamity relief of ₹5,908 crore to seven states from the National Disaster Relief Fund.
About the National Disaster Response Fund
- It is a fund managed by the Central Government for meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation due to any threatening disaster situation or disaster.
- National Calamity Contingency Fund (NCCF) was renamed as National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) on in 2010 with the enactment of the Disaster Management Act in 2005
- Constituted to supplement the funds of the State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF) in case there is a calamity of severe nature.
- Located in the “Public Accounts” of Government of India under “Reserve Funds not bearing interest”
o Relief activities for calamities associated with drought, hailstorms, pest attacks and cold wave /frost: Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
o All other natural calamities: Ministry of Home Affairs
- Sources of Financing:
o National Calamity Contingency Duty (NCCD) imposed on specified goods under central excise and customs
o General budgetary resources when the requirement of funds goes beyond what is available under NDRF
Additional Reading: NDMA, 2005