News:Food Safety and Standard Authority of India(FSSAI) has released the National Milk Sample Safety Quality Survey.
Key takeaways from the survey:
- The survey has found that milk samples from Telangana followed by Madhya Pradesh and Kerala has shown the highest number of cases of adulteration.
- The problem of Aflatoxin-M1 is more dominant in processed milk than that of raw milk.
- Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Kerala were the top states where the Aflatoxin-M1 was found maximum.
- In terms of quality, 7% of the total sample of processed milk did not comply with quality parameters because the presence of contaminants such as fats, Maltodextrin and sugar were above permissible limits.
- Aflatoxins are toxins produced by certain fungi which are generally found in agricultural crops like maize, peanuts, cotton seed and others.They are carcinogenic in nature.
- It comes in the milk through feed and fodder that are currently not regulated in the country.
- There is no proper lab to test this residue in the country.
Testing and sampling Scheme:
- To address the issue of testing,the government is instituting a scheme for testing and sampling for organised dairy players.It will be implemented from January 1,2020,
- The scheme stipulates sampling points during various stages of milk processing, test methods and frequency of sampling.
- Organised players which include dairy co-operatives and private players, will need to have a well-equipped in house lab for testing and also will need to keep records of all tests conducted.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):
- Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is a statutory autonomous body under Food Safety and Standards Act,2006.It comes under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
- FSSAI is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety.