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What is the News?
Indian Navy has taken various efforts towards indigenisation. For this, it has also launched Indian Navy Indigenisation Plan (INIP) 2015-2030 in 2014.
Aim: To enable indigenous development of equipment and systems over the next 15 years.
The plan aims to involve Defence Research and Development Organization(DRDO) and Indian private industry in indigenisation plans.
Under the plan, the warship has been broadly divided into three segments — float, move and fight. The Navy has achieved 90% indigenisation in the float (ship) category while move (propulsion) and fight (weapons and sensors) components stand at 60% and 30% respectively which are priority areas to be addressed.
The plan also focuses on the development of complex technologies like air-independent propulsion systems in submarines and surface-to-air missiles.
The plan also caters to requirements for aviation and diving equipment for the first time.
What has been achieved so far under the INIP?
Indian Navy has indigenised around 3400 items under INIP including over 2000 machinery and electrical spares, over 1000 aviation spares and over 250 weapon spares.
Four in-house indigenisation committees have been formed to handle the indigenisation of spares with respect to naval aircraft.
The Navy is working with the DRDO and the industry to cut down developmental timelines.
Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organization(NIIO) which was launched in 2020. The NIIO provides a flexible and accessible interface for academia and industry with the Indian Navy capability development apparatus.
Source: This post is based on the article “Navy accelerates indigenisation efforts, focus on weapons and aviation items” published in The Hindu on 16th April 2022.