The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has
constituted a Central Monitoring Committee. NGT has entrusted the committee
with the task of undertaking and executing a national plan to make river
stretches across India pollution-free.
The Committee will be composed of senior
representatives of NITI Aayog, Secretaries of the Ministry of Water Resources,
Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate
Change, Chairman of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and Director General
of National Mission for Clean Ganga
The formation of the committee comes in the
backdrop of proceedings which began after taking suo motu cognisance of
a 2018 newspaper report titled “More river stretches are now critically
polluted: CPCB”. The report had highlighted that the issue of increased polluted
river stretches and pegged the number at 351.
Earlier, the NGT had ordered the CPCB, respective
State pollution control boards and pollution control committees, to launch a
nationwide programme on biodiversity monitoring and indexing of the rivers to assess
the effectiveness of river cleaning programmes.
It had also directed the Union Environment
Ministry to formulate a policy for giving environmental awards to institutions
and States that comply with orders and ensure reduction in pollution.
The National Green Tribunal was established in
2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010. The responsibility of the
tribunal is to work on the disposal of cases related to environmental
protection, conservation of forests and other natural resources.