NITI Aayog had stated that not unemployment but a “severe under-employment” is the main problem facing the country. How is underemployment different from unemployment? Discuss the major factors behind underemployment in India, and government initiatives for handling the same.

NITI Aayog had stated that not unemployment but a “severe under-employment” is the main problem facing the country. How is underemployment different from unemployment? Discuss the major factors behind underemployment in India, and government initiatives for handling the same. (GS 1)

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