NSO Releases “Women and Men in India Report, 2020”

What is the News?

The National Statistical Office released the Women and Men in India report, 2020.

About Women and Men in India Report, 2020:
  • National Statistical Office produces the Women and Men in India Report, 2020 annually. This is the 22nd issue in its series.
  • Purpose: The report consolidates the crucial socio-economic indicators that portray gender situations in the country.
Key Facts from the Report:

Population and Related Statistics:

  • India’s projected population in 2021 is 136.13 Crore with a 48.65% female population.
  • The projected average annual exponential growth rate of the population declined from 1.63 in 2011 to 1.27 in 2016. It is likely to further decline to 1.07 in 2021.
  • The projected sex ratio is likely to increase from 943 in 2011 to 948 in 2021.
  • A notable increase in the sex ratio recorded in Delhi (5.7%), Chandigarh (5.3%), and Arunachal Pradesh (5.0%). Contrary to this, Daman & Diu recorded a decline of 13% in the sex ratio.
Participation in Decision Making
  • Women Council of Ministers: The representation of women in the Central Council of Ministers declines over the years. The proportion of women ministers is 9.26% in 2020.
  • Female Electors: The percentage of female electors participating in General Elections went up from 65.6%in 16th to 67.2% in 17th Lok Sabha Elections.
  • Women MPs: Further, a total of 78 women members, constituting 14% of the house of parliament (MPs) elected for the 17th Lok Sabha. It is the highest number since independence.
  • Judiciary: In the judiciary, the highest number of women judges is 10 in Punjab & Haryana High Court followed by 9 in Madras High Court. There are no female judges in the High Courts of Patna, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Uttarakhand.
Participation in Economy:
  • The share of workers in the Agriculture Sector is on a declining trend since the 43rd round of NSS to (1987-88) to PLFS (2018-19).
  • On the other hand, in the Trade, Hotel & Restaurant sector, the share of workers has shown an increasing trend.
Health-Related Statistics:
  • The Infant Mortality Rate(IMR) decreased from 39 in 2014 to 32 in 2018.
  • Also, the Maternal Mortality Rate(MMR) decreased from 212 in 2007-09 to 113 in 2016-18.
  • Further, the Total Fertility Rate of rural India was 2.3 in 2018. It was 1.7 in urban areas in 2018.
  • According to National Family Health Survey-5(NFHS-5), almost 100% institutional delivery was observed in the states of Goa, Kerala, Lakshadweep.

Source: MoSPI

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