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What is the News?
Manda buffalo has been recognised as the 19th unique breed of buffaloes found in India by the National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR).
Note: Four breeds of cattle – Binjharpuri, Motu, Ghumusari and Khariar – and two breeds of buffalo – Chilika and Kalahandi – and one breed of sheep, Kendrapada, have already received NBAGR recognition.
About Manda Buffalo
Manda Buffalo are found in the Eastern Ghats and plateau of Koraput region of Odisha.
They are small, sturdy buffaloes used for ploughing and in agricultural operations in Koraput, Malkangiri and Nabarangpur districts.
Features of Manda Buffalo
These buffaloes have ash grey and grey-coloured coats with copper colour hair. Their lower legs are light in colour with copper-coloured hair at the knee. Some animals are silver-white in colour.
Population: There are around 100,000 Manda buffaloes in the Eastern Ghats.
Significance of Manda Buffalo
These buffaloes are resistant to parasitic infection and less prone to diseases. Further, they can live, produce and reproduce in a low/nil input system.
How will the recognition by NGABR help Manda Buffalo?
After the recognition, the state and Centre will make efforts to conserve this unique buffalo genetic resource of Odisha and enhance their productivity through breeding strategy.
The governments will help in marketing the produce– milk, curd and ghee- at a premium price resulting in the improvement of the livelihood of the stakeholders.
Source: This post is based on the article “Odisha: Koraput’s Manda buffalo gets unique, indigenous tag” published in The Hindu on 7th September 2021.