List of Contents
List of Contents
What is the News?
According to a census carried out by the Odisha State Forest Department, Odisha’s blackbuck population has doubled in the last six years.
Blackbucks in Odisha:
- Firstly, the Blackbuck is known in Odisha as Krushnasara Mruga.
- Secondly, Blackbucks are found only in the Ganjam district in the southern part of Odisha. It used to be sighted in the Balukhand-Konark Wildlife Sanctuary till 2012-13. But now has vanished from the area.
- Thirdly, according to Census 2021, Blackbuck is numbered around 7,358 in Odisha in 2021. This means that the blackbuck population in Odisha has doubled in the last six years(3,806 in 2015).
- Reasons for the increase in population:
- Improvement of habitats,
- The protection given by the local people and forest staff.
Source: Deccan Herald
- The blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) is also known as the Indian antelope. It is an antelope native to India and Nepal.
- Habitat: It inhabits grassy plains and lightly forested areas with perennial water sources.
- Males weigh heavier than Female Blackbucks. Males have long, ringed horns. Females may also develop horns.
- The blackbuck is a diurnal antelope (active mainly during the day).
- Blackbuck is considered to be the fastest animal in the world next to Cheetah.
- The blackbuck is a herbivore and grazes on low grasses as well.
- State Animal: Blackbuck has been declared as the State Animal of Punjab, Haryana, and Andhra Pradesh.
- Protection Status:
- IUCN Status: Least Concern
- Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Schedule I
- CITES: Appendix III
- Religious Significance:
- The blackbuck is routinely depicted in miniature paintings of the Mughal era (16th to 19th centuries) depicting royal hunts often using cheetahs.
- Blackbuck is mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as Krishna Mrig. According to Hindu mythology, the blackbuck draws the chariot of Lord Krishna.
- Villagers in India and Nepal generally do not harm the blackbuck. Tribes such as the Bishnois revere and care for most animals including the blackbuck.
- Protected Areas:
- Gujarat: Velavadar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gir Forest National Park
- Bihar: Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary
- Maharashtra: Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary
- Madhya Pradesh: Kanha National Park
- Among others.
Source: Down To Earth