Odisha’s “Bonda tribe” and other PVTG members infected with Covid-19

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As many as 21 tribals across eight different Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in Odisha have tested positive for Covid-19. Among them, two persons are from the Bonda tribe.

 About Bonda Tribe:
  • Bonda tribes are one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) found in Odisha.
  • Origin: Bonda tribes are members of a group of Austro-Asiatic tribes.They are believed to be part of the first wave of migration out of Africa about 60,000 years ago. They are the first forest settlers in India.
  • Culture: The Bondas have retained their identity and culture despite external interventions over the years.
  • Occupation: They are primarily forest dwellers. They perform hunting and foraging for food in the wild.
  • Matriarchal society: The women prefer to marry men who are younger by at least 5-10 years. This is done because the men can earn for them when they grow old.
  • Dressing style: Women are semi-clad and wear various types of rings and necklaces around their bodies. The men on the other hand carry lethal bows and arrows.
  • Language: They continue to speak in their language, Remo. It comes under the Austro-Asiatic language belonging to the Mundari group.
Tribes in Odisha:
  • Firstly, Odisha has among the largest and most diverse tribal populations in the country.
  • Secondly, according to the 2011 Census, Odisha’s share of the country’s total tribal population was 9%.
  • Thirdly, tribals constitute 22.85% of the State’s population. In terms of the numbers of its tribal population, Odisha occupies the third position in India.
  • Fourthly, of the 62 tribal groups residing in Odisha, 13 are recognised as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • Fifthly, several PVTGs from Odisha are Bonda, Birhor, Chuktia Bhunjia, Didayi, Dongaria Kandha, Hill Kharia, Juang, Kutia Kondh, Lanjia Saora, Lodha, Mankirdia, Paudi Bhuyan and Saora.

Source: The Hindu


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