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What is the News?
According to the India Hypertension Control Initiative (IHCI) study, at least one in every four Indian adults suffers from hypertension, but only about 10% get their blood pressure under control.
What is the India Hypertension Control Initiative(IHCI)?
Launched in: 2017
It is a multi-partner initiative of the Union Health Ministry, ICMR, and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Aim: To achieve the government’s goal of a 25% relative reduction in raised blood pressure by 2025.
Note: India has committed to a “25 by 25” goal. The goal aims to reduce premature mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 25% by 2025. One of the nine voluntary targets includes reducing the prevalence of high blood pressure by 25% by 2025.
What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is defined as having a systolic blood pressure level greater than or equal to 140 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure level greater than or equal to 90 mmHg or/and taking anti-hypertensive medication to lower his/her blood pressure.
How prevalent is the problem of hypertension?
According to the National Family Health Survey, Southern States have a higher prevalence of hypertension than the national average.
Kerala ranks highest with 32.8% of men and 30.9% of women being diagnosed with hypertension.
The prevalence of hypertension is higher among Sikhs (37% for men and 31% for women), Jains (30% for men and 25% for women), and Christians (29% for men and 26% for women) than the rest.
Source: The post is based on the article “One In Four Adults In India Suffers From Hypertension, Says ICMR” published in Livemint on 11th May 2022.