Recently, the Lok Sabha has passed the Inter-State
River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019. The bill seeks to amend the
Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956.
The Bill requires the central government to set
up a dispute Resolution Committee (DRC) for resolving any inter-state water
dispute amicably. The DRC will get a period of one year extendable by six
months to submit its report to the central government.
The Bill proposes to set up an Inter-State River
Water Disputes Tribunal for adjudication of water disputes if a dispute is not
resolved through the DRC.
The bill seeks to make the adjudication of
inter-state water disputes more efficient and effective.
Under the present Inter-State River Water
Disputes Act, 1956, there has been multiplicity of tribunals. This has led to an
increase in bureaucracy, delays, and possible duplication of work.
The replacement of existing tribunals with a
permanent tribunal is expected to result in a 25% reduction in staff strength
and also save a saving Rs 4.27 crore per year.