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Source: The post is based on the article “Only 22% of candidates trained under PMKVY found a job, shows data” published in NDTV on 16th March 2023
What is the News?
The Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has informed the Lok Sabha about Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY).
What is Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana(PMKVY)?
PMKVY 4.0: It will be launched soon. It will emphasize on-job training, industry partnership, and alignment of courses with the needs of the industry.
– The scheme will cover new-age courses for Industry 4.0 like coding, AI, robotics, mechatronics, IOT, 3D printing, drones and soft skills.
What does the Economic Survey say on PMKVY?
The Economic Survey 2022-23 noted that PMKVY has provided training to shramiks (migrant labourers) affected by Covid-19.
This component covered 116 districts of 6 states, viz., Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
As on October 31, 2022, 1.3 lakh migrants have been trained/oriented.
What are the issues faced by the scheme?
Low Placement: Only 22.2% of certified candidates were placed under all versions of PMKVY.
– The top states and union territories in terms of placement include Ladakh (57%), Mizoram (41%), Punjab (39%), Sikkim (38%) and Puducherry (34%).
Poor State Performance: The reasons for poor state performance include differing payment processes, delays in releasing funds and operational impediments.