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What is the News?
The Ministry of Rural Development has informed the Parliamentary Standing Committee about the progress of the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin.
Progress under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G):
- PMAY-G Scheme has a target of providing housing for all by March 2022. However, the completion of the construction target was only 55%. Even though there was sanctioning of money for almost 85% of beneficiaries.
Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Scheme:
- In 2020-21, less than 6% of houses sanctioned under the PMAY-G have reached the completion stage due to COVID-19.
- Reasons for Delay: In 2019, it used to take an average of 114 days to construct a house under the scheme. However, the Covid-19 pandemic has caused long delays at every stage in 2020-21.
- However, some states such as Odisha and Jharkhand have completed around 10% of the houses sanctioned in 2020-21. It has also used the scheme to provide employment opportunities for migrant workers who had returned to their villages during the crisis.
- But a number of other states such as Assam, Chhattisgarh, and Karnataka did not see completed construction of even a single house that was sanctioned during 2020-21.
About Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin:
- Launched by: Ministry of Rural Development in 2016 launched it.
- Aim: The aim is to provide a pucca house with basic amenities to all rural families by the end of March 2022. People who are homeless or living in kutcha or dilapidated houses are eligible for benefits.
Key Features of the Scheme:
- Beneficiaries: Beneficiaries are identified as per the housing deprivation parameters and exclusion criteria prescribed under Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) 2011. Gram Sabha verifies the eligible beneficiaries.
- Target: The scheme had a target of construction of 2.95 crore pucca houses for eligible rural households by March 2022.
- Fund sharing pattern -The Centre and the states share the grants under the scheme in the ratio of:
- 90:10 in case of NE States, Himalayan States & Himalayan UTs.
- For all other States, funds are shared in the ratio of 60:40 by the Centre and the States.
- In cases of other UTs, entire funds are provided by the Centre.
- Monitoring: The programme implementation is being monitored not only electronically but also through community participation (Social Audit), Member of Parliament (DISHA Committee), Central and State Government officials, National Level Monitors, etc.
Source: The Hindu