Panna Biosphere Reserve

UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) program has included the Panna Biosphere Reserve to UNESCO’s World Network of Biosphere Reserves.  

Panna National Park

About PTR: 

  • Location– Vindhyan Hills in northern Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is spread over the Panna and Chhatarpur districts.
  • It is the 22nd Tiger Reserve of India(1994) and fifth in Madhya Pradesh .
  • The terrain here consists of extensive plateaus and gorges.
  • This reserve contains the last remaining tiger habitat of North Madhya Pradesh.

About Panna Biosphere Reserve: The Panna Biosphere Reserve in India encompasses Panna National Park, three sections of the Gangau Sanctuary. 

Forest and vegetation: The major vegetation of the park is miscellaneous dry deciduous forest mixed with grassland area. The site is characterized by forests, seasonal as well as aquatic, and marshy vegetation. 

Rivers: Ken River flows through this reserve and creates beautiful waterfalls on its way to the valley. 

Flora: Characterized by forests and marshy vegetation. It has an abundance of rare medicinal plants as well as other non-timber forestry products such as Kattha, gum, and resins. 


  • Endangered animals like Tiger, Leopard and Chinkara.  
  • It is also home to the Siyah Gosh (Felis caracal) and Jungle cat (Felis chaus). 
  • Other exotic animals like Chital, Nilgai, Sloth Bear, Sambhar.  
  • More than 200 species of birds including the King vulture, Indian Vulture, and bar-headed goose. 

Significance: Panna National Park was declared as the 22nd Tiger Reserve of India and the 5th in Madhya Pradesh in the year of 1994It is a critical tiger habitat area and hosts the Panna Tiger Reserve, as well as the World Heritage site of the Khajuraho Group of Monuments.

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