Parliament Passes Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021

Source: PIB

Introduced: Lok Sabha (15th March 2021)

Passed: Lok Sabha (24th March 2021)

Passed: Rajya Sabha (28th July 2021)


About Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021:

  • The Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill, 2021 seeks to amend the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015.

Key Provisions of the Bill:

          Category Juvenile Justice Act,2015Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill, 2021
         AdoptionUnder the Act, once prospective adoptive parents accept a child, an adoption agency files an application in a civil court to obtain the adoption order. The adoption order issued by the court establishes that the child belongs to the adoptive parents.The Bill provides that instead of the court, the district magistrate (including an additional district magistrate) will perform these duties and issue all such orders.
       AppealsThe Act provides that there will be no appeal for any order made by a Child Welfare Committee concluding that a person is not a child in need of care and protection.The Bill provides that any person aggrieved by an adoption order passed by the district magistrate may file an appeal before the Divisional Commissioner, within 30 days of such order.
    Serious offencesThe Act provides that the Juvenile Justice Board will inquire about a child who is accused of a serious offense.  Serious offences are those for which the punishment is imprisonment between three and seven years.The Bill adds that serious offences will also include offences for which maximum punishment is imprisonment of more than seven years, and minimum punishment is not prescribed or is less than seven years
Child Welfare Committees (CWCs)The Act provides that states must constitute one or more CWCs for each district for dealing with children in need of care and protection. It provides certain criteria for the appointment of members to CWC.The Bill adds certain criteria for a person to be ineligible to be a member of the CWC.
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