Chandrayaan-2 was successfully launched from the
Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota.
Chandrayaan 2 is India’s second lunar mission
and 1st Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface with indigenous
technology. If successful, India will be the 4th country ever to soft land on
the lunar surface- after USA, Russia and China.
It seeks to land on the lunar south pole-
unexplored by any nation before. The lunar South Pole is especially interesting
because a larger section of its surface stays in the shadow than the North
There is a possibility of the presence of water
in permanently shadowed areas around it. Also, the South Polar Region has
craters that are cold traps, containing a fossilised record of the early Solar
Chandrayaan 2 will use the Vikram lander and
Pragyan rover to attempt a soft landing in a high plain between two craters —
Manzinus C and Simpelius N.
Chandrayaan-2 will carry out extensive
three-dimensional mapping of the topography of the lunar South Pole region. It
will also determine its elemental composition and seismic activity.
The mission would also try to assess the
abundance and distribution of water on the lunar surface.