Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS) – Annual Report

What is the News?

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS) for 2020-21.

What is the Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS)?

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What are the key findings of the survey?
Source: The Hindu

Unemployment Rate: The unemployment rate saw a decrease of 0.6% and fell to 4.2% in 2020-21 compared with 4.8% in 2019-20.

– This means that only 4.2% of adults who looked for jobs could not get any work in rural and urban areas of the country in 2020-21. 

– Rural areas recorded an unemployment rate of 3.3% and urban areas recorded an unemployment rate of 6.7%.

Labour Force Participation Rate(LFPR): It is defined as the section of the working population in the age group of 16-64 in the economy currently employed or seeking employment.It was 41.6% during 2020-21 compared to 40.1% in the previous year. 

Worker-Population Ratio(WPR): It is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population. It was 39.8% in 2020-21, an increase from 38.2% of the previous year.

Migrants: Migrants are defined in the survey as a household members whose last usual place of residence, at any time in the past, was different from the present place of enumeration. 

– According to the survey, the migration rate is 28.9%. The migration rate among women was 48% and 47.8% in rural and urban areas respectively.

Note: PLFS says that only 4.4% of migration happened due to employment which is a drastic reduction from the 10% in 2011. Hence, this report justifies the theory of large-scale reverse migration and job losses during the pandemic. 

Source: The post is based on the article “Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS) – Annual Report” published in PIB on 14th June 2022.

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