What is the News?
The PIC (Permanent Indus Commission) of India and Pakistan meet held after two years in New Delhi. PIC aims to resolve outstanding issues under the Indus Water Treaty.
About PIC (Permanent Indus Commission)
Indus Water Treaty signed between India and Pakistan in 1960. The Commission was created to implement and manage the goals of the 1960 Treaty.
Also, PIC needs to meet regularly at least once a year, alternately in India and Pakistan. It requires the appointment of one commissioner each from both India and Pakistan.
About 116th PIC meeting
Pakistan’s Objections on India’s two Hydropower Projects: Pakistan raised objections to the design of two hydropower projects on the Chenab river namely:
- Pakal Dul Hydro Electric Project(1,000 MW): India is building the project on river Marusudar, a tributary of the Chenab. The project is located in Kishtwar district of J&K.
- Lower Kalnai Hydro Electric Project: India is developing it on the River Chenab.
Sharing of Flood Forecasting Data under Indus Water Treaty:
- Firstly, India and Pakistan have also discussed sharing flood data with the view of the forthcoming flood season.
- Secondly, in 1989, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to share the data. Under the agreement, India is required to share hydrological flood data with Pakistan during the flood season.
Note: Since 2019, India has cleared several hydropower projects on the Indus River. These are,
- Darbuk Shyok, Shankoo, Nimu Chilling, Rongdo, Ratan Nag are in Leh
- Mangdum Sangra, Kargil Hunderman and Tamasha are Kargil.
Source: Indian Express