List of Contents
What is the News?
According to a study, Pineapple-based agroforestry can be a sustainable alternative to jhum cultivation for North East India.
- Jhum cultivation also called swidden agriculture is a dominant agricultural practice in the NorthEast Region.
- Under this, the farming community slashes secondary forests on a predetermined location, burns the slash and cultivates the land for a limited number of years.
- The land is then left fallow and the farming community moves to the next location to repeat the process till they return back to the starting point.
- However, this practise has become unsustainable due to the reduced fallow cycle resulting in depletion in soil fertility, severe soil erosion and low agronomic productivity.
- Hence, North East India and many south Asian countries are shifting to agroforestry and high-value cropping systems from traditional jhum practices.
- But the researchers are looking for other agroforestry options that can provide twin solutions for climate change and biodiversity loss.
What is the solution the researchers have found?
- The researchers found that the Pineapple-based agroforestry(PAFS) can be a sustainable alternative to jhum cultivation for North East India.
- This traditional practice can provide twin solutions for climate change and biodiversity loss.
What is Pineapple agroforestry systems (PAFS)?
- Pineapple agroforestry systems (PAFS) is a dominant form of land use in the Indian Eastern Himalayas and other parts of Asia. It is mostly grown in association with multipurpose trees.
- The ethnic ‘Hear’ Tribe in southern Assam have been cultivating pineapples for centuries. At present, they practice the indigenous Pineapple agroforestry systems for both home consumption and boosting economic benefit