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Prime Minister launched Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0. Both of them will be implemented by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
About the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0
The mission would be implemented over five years — from 2021 to 2026. The focus of SBM-U 2.0 will be on sustaining the sanitation and solid waste management outcomes achieved and accelerate the momentum generated, thus taking Urban India to the next level of ‘Swachhata’.
The aim of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0’ is to “make the cities completely free of garbage”.
Key components of SBM 2.0
Ensuring complete access to sanitation facilities to serve additional populations migrating from rural to urban areas in search of employment and better opportunities.
Complete liquid waste management in cities with less than 1 lakh population to ensure that all wastewater is safely contained, collected, transported and treated.
Under Sustainable Solid Waste Management, greater emphasis will be on source segregation.
Special focus will be put on the well-being of sanitation and informal waste workers.
Material Recovery Facilities, and waste processing facilities will be set up, with a focus on phasing out single-use plastic. Construction & demolition waste processing facilities will be set up.
Mechanical sweepers deployed in National Clean Air Programme cities and in cities with more than 5 lakh population.
Remediation of all legacy dumpsites will also be done under the mission.
Expected outcomes of SBM 2.0
It is expected that under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0, all statutory towns will become at least ODF+; and all cities with <1 lakh population ODF++.
Systems and processes will be in place so that all waste water is safely treated and optimally reused and no untreated wastewater pollutes water bodies.
Regarding Solid Waste Management, it is expected that all cities will achieve at least 3-star Garbage Free certification under SBM-U 2.0
About AMRUT 2.0
AMRUT2.0 aims to make around 4,700 towns/cities‘ water secure’. It will build upon the progress of AMRUT to address water needs, rejuvenate water bodies, better manage aquifers, reuse treated wastewater, thereby promoting circular economy of water.
The Objective of AMRUT 2.0 is to provide 100% coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 ULBs.
Key components of AMRUT 2.0
It will provide 100% coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities, by providing 2.64 crore sewer connections/ septage connections, thereby benefitting around 10.6 crores people.
Rejuvenation of water bodies and urban aquifer management will be undertaken to augment sustainable freshwater supply.
Upscaling from 500 cities covered under AMRUT with 1 lakh+ population to all 4,372 cities, covering 100% urban India.
It will promote a circular economy of water through the formulation of the City Water Balance Plan for each city, focusing on recycle/reuse of treated sewage, rejuvenation of water bodies and water conservation.
Pey Jal Survekshan will be conducted in cities to ascertain the equitable distribution of water, reuse of wastewater and mapping of water bodies.
Technology Sub-Mission for water will leverage the latest global technologies in the field of water.
The AMRUT-2.0 Mission will promote Public-Private partnerships (PPP). It will also promote the GIG economy and on-boarding of youth & women. Further, a target based capacity building program will be conducted for all stakeholders including contractors, plumbers, plant operators, students, women and other stakeholders.
Source: This post is based on the following articles
- “PM launches Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and AMRUT 2.0” published in PIB on 1st October 2021.
- “Prime Minister launches Schemes for transforming Urban Areas- AMRUT 2.0 and Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0” published in PIB on 1st October 2021.
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