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The Prime Minister of India has announced new goals during his Independence Day Speech.
What are the Goals announced by the Prime Minister?
Energy Independent India by 2047: The Prime Minister has announced a target of making India an ‘Energy Independent’ nation by the time the country reaches 100 years of India’s independence, in 2047.
Present Energy Situation:
- India at present spends more than Rs 12 trillion annually on energy import.
- India announced a goal in 2015 to make a 10% cut in crude oil import dependence by 2022.
- This target is far from being achieved and the county’s import reliance has only risen. Instead of cutting imports by 10 percent, its proportion has continued to rise from 2015.
- Annual domestic crude oil output has fallen to below 30 million tonnes (mt) in 2020-21 from 35.5mt in 2015-16. Due to this, the total crude oil import has risen to 226 mt.
How India is moving towards Energy independent?
- The Indian Government plans to make India energy independent by 2047 through various schemes such as 20% Ethanol blending and providing an impetus to electric mobility among others.
- Net Zero Railway Emission by 2030: Indian Railways has set a target of becoming Net Zero Carbon Emitter by 2030.
- The Indian Railways plans to achieve its Net Zero Carbon emitter target through a mix of electrification, improving energy efficiency of locomotives and trains. Further railways also planned a green certification for installations and stations, fitting bio toilets in coaches and switching to renewable sources of energy.
What has been achieved so far in railways?
- Around 71% of the total Broad-Gauge (BG) network of Indian Railways has been electrified by March 31, 2021.
- The Central Organisation for Railway Electrification plans to electrify all BG routes of the Indian Railway by December 2023.
Global Green Energy Hub in India:
- The Government of India has announced the National Hydrogen Mission to make India a Global Green Energy Hub.
- Green Hydrogen is pure hydrogen generated by using renewable energy such as solar power and wind energy. The by-products are water and water vapour.