News: The government of India has launched the third phase of its flagship skilling scheme Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0).
About Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY): It is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It was implemented in 2015-16.
Implementation by: National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
Objective: To enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
Key components of the scheme:
- Short Term Training: This training aims to provide skills for school/college dropouts or unemployed persons. Apart from providing training, the Training Centres will also impart skills training in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy
- Recognition of Prior Learning: Under this, Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will get assessed and certified. This ensures the proper alignment of skills of the unregulated workforce to the National Skills Qualification Framework.
- Special Projects: These are the projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short-Term Training.
- Kaushal and Rozgar Mela: The beneficiaries will take part in Kaushal and Rozgar Melas conducted every six months. Apart from that, the beneficiaries will also take part in National Career Service Melas.
- Placement Guidelines: Under this, the training centers will provide placement opportunities to candidates, trained and certified under the Scheme.
- Monitoring Guidelines: The Inspection Agencies use various methods to ensure that high standards of quality of PMKVY scheme. They perform self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, etc. Further, they also utilize the Skills Development Management System (SDMS) to monitor the implementation of the scheme.
- Under the scheme, Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
- Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20)
About PMKVY 2.0: After the successful implementation of the pilot PMKVY (2015-16), PMKVY 2.0 was launched in 2016. It was scaled up both in terms of Sector and Geography. The second phase also provides greater alignment with other missions of the government of India like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat. The scheme was scheduled to end by 31st March 2020. However, it was extended for skilling migrant workers.
- Enable and mobilize a large number of youths to take up industry-designed quality skill training, become employable and earn their livelihood.
- Increase productivity of the existing workforce, and align skill training with the actual needs of the country.
- Encourage standardization of the Certification process and put in place the foundation for creating a registry of skills.
- To benefit 10 million youth over a period of four years (2016- 2020).
About PMKVY 3.0: The third phase of the scheme will be implemented in 2 phases. 1st phase will be implemented on a pilot basis during the year 2020- 21 known as PMKVY 3.0. The 2nd phase(2021-2026) will initiate the create the implementation
It is designed towards making skill development more demand-driven and decentralised in its approach. The third phase also focuses on digital technology and Industry 4.0 skills.
Objective: It envisages training 8 lakh candidates over the scheme period of 2020-2021 with an outlay of Rs 948.90 crore.
- This phase is designed towards making skill development more demand-driven and decentralized in its approach with a focus on digital technology, Industry 4.0 skills, and COVID-related skills.
- District Skill Committees(DSCs) under the guidance of State Skill Development Missions(SSDM) shall play a key role in addressing the skill gap and assessing demand at the district level.
- It will encourage healthy competition between states. This is achieved by increasing the allocation to those states that perform better.
- It will also be a propagator of vocational education at an early level for youth to capitalize on industry-linked opportunities.