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[Prelims 2020] [Part 2/4] List of Indices and Reports: Social-related: HDI, HCI, GSNI, GHI, MPI and more

Dear Students,

In this post, we will discuss important Social-related reports and indices released by international organizations since the 2018-19.

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This is the 2nd  part of a 4-series of posts on Important Reports and Indices.

For Part 1Click here

List of Social-related Reports and Indices
Reports/IndicesDetails
Human Development Index 2019Published by: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

  • It measures the average achievements in a country based on three dimensions

Parameters/Dimensions:

  • A long and healthy life- measured by Life expectancy at birth
  • Access to knowledge: measured by Mean years of schooling and Expected years of schooling
  • A decent standard of living- measured by Gross National Income (GNI) per capita (PPP US$).

Key takeaways: Norway ranked first; Burundi ranked last.

India’s Rank: India ranked 129 out of 189 countries (HDI value 0.647) compared 130 in 2018.

 

Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI), 2020

-First edition

Published by: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

  • It examines how social beliefs can obstruct gender equality and women empowerment.

Parameters/Dimensions: political, educational, economic and physical integrity.

Key takeaways: The highest number of bias against women was in Pakistan, followed by Qatar and Nigeria and Zimbabwe

Global Social Mobility Index

-First edition published as part of first ever Global Social Mobility Report

Published by: World Economic Forum

Parameters/Dimensions: 5 dimensions-

  • health;
  • education (access, quality and equity);
  • technology;
  • work (opportunities, wages, conditions); and
  • Protections and institutions (social protection and inclusive institutions).

Key takeaways: Denmark tops the rankings

India’s rank: India has been ranked 76th

Global Hunger Index, 2019

(Annual report)

Published by: Ireland’s Concern Worldwide and Germany’s Welthungerhilfe.

  • It calculates the levels of hunger and under nutrition worldwide. It scores countries on a 100-point “severity scale”, where zero is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst.

Parameters:

  • Undernourishment,
  • Child stunting (the share of children under five years who have a low height for their age),
  • Child wasting (the share of children under five years who have a low weight for their age) and
  • Child mortality rate under 5 years of age.

Key takeaways: Central African Republic ranked worst.

India’s Ranking:  Ranked 102nd (serious level of hunger) out of 117 countries in 2019 in comparison to 103rd out of 119 countries in 2018. India’s child wasting rate is highest in the world at 20.8%.

 

SDG Gender Index 2019

-First edition

Published by: Equal Measures 2030

  • It measures the state of gender equality aligned to 14 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals

Key takeaways: Denmark ranked 1st

India’s Ranking: 95th among 129 countries

Global Gender Gap Index Report 2019

-Annual Report

Published by: World Economic Forum (WEF)

  • It ranks 153 countries on their progress towards gender parity.

Parameters/Dimensions:

  • Economic Participation and Opportunity
  • Educational Attainment
  • Health and Survival
  • Political Empowerment
  • 2019 report also examines gender gap prospects in the professions of the future.

Key takeaways: Iceland ranked 1st

India’s ranking: India has been ranked at 112th in 2019 in comparison to 108th in 2018. Also, among 153 countries, India is the only country where the economic gender gap is larger than political gender gap.

World Happiness Report 2020

-Annual report

Published by: Sustainable Development Solutions Network of the UN

  • Ranks 156 countries on the state of global happiness.
  • 2020 Theme:  Environment for Happiness.

Parameters/ dimensions: Gallup World Poll and six factors:

  • Levels of GDP,
  • life expectancy,
  • generosity,
  • social support,
  • freedom
  • corruption income

Key takeaways: Finland has been ranked first

India’s Ranking: India has been ranked 144th in 2020, in comparison to 140th in 2019.

Human Capital Index, 2019

Annual Report

Published by: World Bank as a part of World Development Report 2019.

  • It measures which countries are best in mobilizing the economic and professional potential of its citizens.

Parameter/Dimensions:

  • Survival, as measured by under-5 mortality rates;
  • Expected years of Quality-Adjusted School which combines information on the quantity and quality of education; and
  • Health environment using two proxies of (a) adult survival rates and (b) the rate of stunting for children under age 5.

Key Takeaways: Singapore ranked first

India’s ranking:  India ranked 115th (HCI score 0.44)

World Population Prospects, 2019Published by: Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Key takeaways: World’s population is expected to increase by two billion people in the next 30 years, from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7 billion in 2050.

India: India is expected to add nearly 273 million people between 2019 and 2050 and will remain the most populated country through the end of the current century.

Global Migration Report 2020Published by: International Organization for Migration

  • It features trends in international migration, discusses emerging policy issues and provides regional recent developments

Key takeaways: The number of international migrants globally in 2019 were around 272 million which is 3.5% of the world’s population

India: India had the largest number of migrants living abroad (17.5 million)

Multidimensional Poverty Index, 2019

Annual report

Published by: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.

  • MPI identifies multiple deprivations at the household and individual level in health, education and standard of living.

Parameters/Dimensions: 3 dimensions and 10 Indicators:

  • Education (year of schooling, child enrolment)
  • Health (child mortality, nutrition)
  • Standard of living (electricity, drinking water, sanitation, flooring, cooking fuel, assets)

India:

  • the number of people living in multidimensional poverty in India has decreased from 690.55 million in 2005-06 to 369.55 million in 2015-16
  • Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh are poorest states

Jharkhand reduced the incidence of multidimensional poverty from 74.9% to 46.5% between 2005-06 and 2015-16- the fastest in India

Global Health Security Index, 2019

First edition

Published by: Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) and the Johns Hopkins University Centre for Health Security (CHS), with research by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)

·        It assesses health security and related capabilities in 195 countries.

Parameters/Dimensions:

  • prevention,
  • early detection,
  • rapid response,
  • health system quality,
  • standards,
  • risk environment.

Key Takeaways: USA Ranked first

India’s Ranking: India has been ranked 57th

Global Liveability Index, 2019

-Annual report

Published by: Economist Intelligence Unit

  • The index assesses which locations around the world provide the best or the worst living condition

Parameters/Dimensions: 5 broad parameters:

  • stability,
  • healthcare,
  • culture and environment,
  • education,
  • infrastructure

Key takeaways: Vienna (Austria) has been ranked the most liveable city

Indian cities ranking: New Delhi has been ranked 118th as compared to 112th in 2018. Mumbai has been ranked 119th.

Global Tuberculosis (TB) Report, 2019

Annual report

 

Published by: World Health Organization (WHO) 

Key takeaways:

  • The global decline in the total number of TB deaths between 2015 and 2018 was 11%.
  • In 2018, 7 million new cases of TB were notified
  • Undernourishment, smoking, alcohol abuse, HIV infection and diabetes, were the five major factors to which TB could be attributed.

India:

  • In 2017, India had 27.4 lakh TB patients which came down to 26.9 lakh in 2018
  • Incidence per 1, 00,000 population has decreased from 204 in 2017 to 199 in 2018.

 

 Global Malaria Report, 2019

-Annual Report

Published by: World Health Organization 

Key takeaways:

  • In 2018, an estimated 228 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide.
  • Nigeria had the highest burden of all malaria cases, at 24%.

India: India registered a fall of 2.6 million malaria cases in 2018 as compared to 2017.

 

State of World Children ReportPublished by: United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

Key takeaways:

  • 700 million children under the age of 5 have nutrition problems
  • 149 million children under age 5 stunted
  • 50 million children are affected by wasting

P.S. -Please comment below if we have missed any important indices.

Also, let us know the topics on which you would like us to make the next article.

This article is a part of the Series of Articles Important for Prelims 2020. To see the full list of articles, visit this page.
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