Q. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), which of the following disease (s) is/are considered as Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD)?
1. Buruli Ulcer
2. Dengue fever
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) – a diverse group of communicable diseases that prevail in tropical and subtropical conditions in 149 countries – affect more than one billion people and cost developing economies billions of dollars every year.  

Populations living in poverty, without adequate sanitation and in close contact with infectious vectors and domestic animals and livestock are those worst affected.  

As of 2017, the World Health Organization categorizes the following communicable diseases as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs): 

  • Buruli Ulcer 
  • Chagas Disease 
  • Chromoblastomycosisexternal icon 
  • Cysticercosis 
  • Dengue Fever 
  • Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease) 
  • Echinococcosis 
  • Fascioliasis 
  • Human African Trypanosomiasis (African Sleeping Sickness) 
  • Leishmaniasis 
  • Leprosy (Hansen’s Disease) 
  • Lymphatic Filariasis 
  • Mycetoma 
  • Onchocerciasis 
  • Rabies 
  • Schistosomiasis 
  • Soil-transmitted Helminths (STH) (Ascaris, Hookworm, and Whipworm) 
  • Trachoma 
  • Yawsexternal icon 

Source: WHO