Q. “Agenda 21” is often seen in news is related to?

[A] UNCED

[B] IUCN

[C] UNCCD

[D] UNDP

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) Also known as the Rio Summit, Rio Conference, Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992.

The issues addressed included:

  • Systematic scrutiny of patterns of production — particularly the production of toxic components, such as lead in gasoline, or poisonous waste including radioactive chemicals
  • Alternative sources of energy to replace the use of fossil fuels which are linked to global climate change
  • New reliance on public transportation systems in order to reduce vehicle emissions, congestion in cities and the health problems caused by polluted air and smog
  • The growing scarcity of water.

The Earth Summit resulted in the following documents:

  • Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
  • Agenda 21
  • Forest Principles

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment